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Author Name: Remi-Niyi Alaran
Number of articles: 5
1.Culture – Try to find a cultural society for the area that you are considering relocation to. Regular... (1) Comment

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Kojoda 2008 Yoruba Festivals (Ajodun Irunmole) Calendar
Author: Remi-Niyi Alaran | January 08, 2008

2008 Ajodun Irunmole (Yoruba Festivals) Introduction to YòrĂșbọ - The philosophy of YòrĂșbo is that all humans have Ayanmo (manifest destiny) to become one in spirit with OlĂłdùmarè (OlòrĂșn, the divine creator and source of all energy). Each person in AyĂ© (the physical realm) uses thought or action energies to impact the community of all other living things including the Earth, and so to move towards destiny. As such, one's destiny is in one's hands. To attain transcedence and destiny in ÒrĂșn-RĂ©rĂ© (spiritual realm of those who do good and beneficial things), one's OrĂ­-Inu (spiritual consciousness in the physical realm) must be elevated to unify with one's Iponri (OrĂ­ ÒrĂșn). Those who stop improving are destined for ÒrĂșn-Apadi (spiritual realm of the forsaken). Life and death are cycles of habitation in physical body and spiritual realms while one's spirit evolves toward transcendence. This evolution is most advanced in Irùnmolẹ (onĂ­ irun, of the unique hair that distincts humans from beasts; imo, enlightened of destiny, ilẹ on the land) For most people, iwapẹlẹ (balanced culture), meditation and sincere veneration sufficiently strengthen one's OrĂ­-Inu. One is able to gbadĂșra (pray) for support of the Egungun (one's elevated ancestors) or the OrĂ­-ÒrĂșn for application of the Odu (knowledge of all ages) to one's benefit. T hose with strong motivation to manipulate destiny may consult the Odu through IfĂĄ (divination sciences) and ẹbò (offering). In invoking the Odu so directly, care is required to ensure alignment of thought and action. The Odu brings into motion either OrĂ­ṣà (benevolent or angelic forces) or Ajẹ (malevolent or demonic forces). All communication with the ÒrĂșn is energised by invoking Àṣẹ (the essence of OlĂłdùmarè that gives life to all). Àṣẹ is delivered by ẸlĂ©gbara (Eṣu, the divine messenger) who, without distortion or partiality for good or for bad, negotiates communication to the ÒrĂșn and navigates ÒrĂșn forces to the AyĂ©. ÀjòdĂșn / Festivals Ṣèrè / January Erele / February OlokĂșn = OrĂ­sà of OkĂșn, the deep seas or oceans, patron of sailors, and guardian of souls lost at sea Erele 21-25 Èrèna / March Annual rites of passage for men Èrèna 12 – 28: Oduduwa (odudu, the dark pigment; ni ewa, is the beauty) / Iyaagbe (iya, mother; agbe, who receives) = OrĂ­sà of Earth and matron of the AyĂ©. Oduduwa endows the ebony dark skin pigment that accords greatest gifts of spirituality, beauty and intellect to the bearer. The essence of procreative love. Èrèna 15 – 19: Oshosi = OrĂ­sà of Adventure and the hunt Èrèna 21 – 24: Igbe / April Ogun = OrĂ­sà of the metal and war crafts, and engineering. The custodian of truth and executioner of justice, as such patron of the legal and counselling professions who must swear to uphold truth while biting on a piece of metal. Igbe Oshun = OrĂ­sà of Fertility and custodian of the female essence. who guides pregnancies to term. Igbe starts last Saturday of April, for 5 days- Onset of wet season (Spring) Egungun (Commemoration of the Ancestors, including community founders and illustrious dead. ÈbĂ­bĂ­: starts last Saturday of May, for 7 days Yoruba New Year Okudu 03: Onset of the Yoruba New Year (2008 is the 10,050th year of Yoruba culture) Shopona (OrĂ­sà of Disease, shopona, small pox is a virual disease) and Osanyin (OrĂ­sà of Medicine and patron of the healing professions: osan, afternoon; yin, healing) Okudu 7 - 8 Annual rites of passage for women Okudu 10 - 23 Yemoja = matriarch of the ÒrĂșn-Rere). Oduduwa gave birth to a boy Aganju (Land) and Yemoja (Water) from marriage to Ọbàtala. Yemoja in turn birthed many other OrĂ­ṣà. The old Ile-Ife kingdom arose on her burial site. Okudu 18 - 21 Agẹmo / July ỌrĂșnmilà / IfĂĄ = OrĂ­ṣà of Divination and founder of the IfĂĄ sciences, whose divination is with 16 palm nuts. Mass gathering of the yoruba Agẹmo: first and second weeks in July Oko (Agriculture) Harvesting of the new Yam crop. ẸlĂ©gba-Bara (ẸlĂ©gba, one who has power to seize) / Eṣu (shu, to release eject from; ara, the body) = OrĂ­ṣà of male essence and Power, who is the great Communicator and messenger of the will of OlĂłdùmarè. No woman should bara (ba ra, to rub with, have intercourse with) a man who has not done Ikola (circumcision: ike, cutting; ola, that saves) in sacrifice to ẸlĂ©gba. Agẹmo second weekend of July Sàngo (shan, to strike:/ Jakuta:ja, fight; pẹlu okuta, with stones. The OrĂ­ṣà of Energy – Ara (Thunder) and Manamana, make fire (Lightening) whose divination is with 16 cowries and whose messenger and water-bearer is Oshumare (the Rainbow). Agẹmo: third week of July Ogun / August ỌbàtĂĄlĂĄ = (Obà,to possess; ti ala, of visions or OrĂ­ṣà-nla, the principal OrĂ­ṣà). Patriarch of ÒrĂșn-Rere, the heaven of goodly spirits and beneficial ancestors. As OlĂłdùmarè is too powerful and busy to be pre-occupied by the affairs of any one living being. ỌbàtĂĄlĂĄ functions as the principal emissary of OlĂłdùmarè on Aye, and is the custodian of Yoruba culture. The aso-ala (white cloth) worn by ỌbàtĂĄlĂĄ initiates is to signify need to be pure in intent and action: A recurring punishment for social misfits was to try to keep white cloth clean in Africa's tropical and dusty climate. The misappropriation of aso-ala connection to ỌbàtĂĄlĂĄ was/is a major weapon against the Yoruba in their psychological resistance of foreign invasion, as Christian and Islamic converts were/are indoctrinated that anything considered 'white' is pure: a notion that has also become a key tenet of racialist supremacy Ogun: last weekend of August ÒwĂ©rĂ© / September Ọwaro / October Oya (OrĂ­ṣà of the odo Oya (river Niger) whose messenger is Afefe (the Wind), and guardian of gateway between the physical realm (Aye) and the spiritual realm (ÒrĂșn). Ọwaro Osun (OrĂ­ṣà of the odo Oṣun and patron of the (sovereign) Ijebu nation Ọwaro third weekend of October Onset of the dry season (Autumn) Shigidi (OrĂ­ṣà of ÒrĂșn-Apadi, the realm of the unsettled spirits and the ghosts of the dead that have left Aye and are forsaken of ÒrĂșn-Rere. Custodian of nightmares and patron of assassins. Solemn candlelight to guide the unsettled away from your residence, else they settle in your dolls or other toys. Ọwaro 30 World Slavery Day? Bèlu / November ÒpĂ© / December Obajulaiye (OrĂ­ṣà of Ṣòwò (Commerce) and owo (wealth). ÒpĂ© 15 Onset of the second dry season (winter solstice) Send me a request for your copy of Kojoda_2008_Yoruba_Calender (590kb, pdf)

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NGEX welcomes and encourages reader comments. Permission to post reader comments is assumed, and we reserve the right to excerpt or edit for clarity any comments that are posted. We won't be able to publish all comments. And we can't vouch for the accuracy of posts from readers. Nickname or Name will be used to identify your post.
Remi-Niyi    ,     January 07, 2008
Omotayo, Jesus Christ is a reference point for christianity. The world was in existence before the time the man was born, and after he died. If you measure weight in grams and somebody else measures in pounds, who are you to ask them to justify their system? Maybe you can show us the birth certificate of Christ so that we know if it shows the final year of B.C or the zero year of A.D?

Nigeria is a tap root plant grafted onto the mangrove roots of sovereign nations. Olodumare a gbe wa, ase.
olujimi    atlanta georgia, USA    January 06, 2008
Greetings and a fantastic new year to you. I would like to have a PDF of the calendar or other related articled for my records and to pass on the info to my friends who are of like minds the world over. We need more folks like you to uphold our culture so it does not vanish. We know that Ifa is the only doctrine that has survived outside Afrika amongst Afrikans living in the diaspora. my email address is jimbikino(at) or imijgnik(at) . I look forward to hearing from you. cheers
OMOTAYO, J. A.    Lagos, NIGERIA    January 05, 2008
Mrs Remi-Niyi Alaran has taken us, the Yorubas, back to our root. This is very commendable. For the first time, I find a write-up that Yoruba calendar year is currently 10,050. I am indeed very grateful to her.

If the year 2008 corresponds to our year 10,050 then the Yoruba nation would be nearly founded or created about 8,009 B.C. Let me explain my arithmetic here. Jesus lived for 33 years. Before Christ is B.C. and after his death A.D. If we subtract the A.D years, then do likewise with the 33 years he lived, we would come to my speculated year 8,009 (i.e. 10,050 - 2,008 - 33 = 8,009).

But can we say that the Yoruba nation was created in 2,009 B.C? Could it not have existed much longer than that? How did we arrive at this date, through historical legends, forklores, Ifa divination, carbon dating, etc? I remain grateful for any clarification on this issue either from our Mrs Remi-Niyi Alaran or any other personality wo is well versed in Yoruba history.

God bless Nigeria
Cheryl    Portland, us    January 03, 2008
I was very excited to find your calendar of holy days for the new year. I live in the US and am pretty isolated. I began to study Yoruba by myself about 1 year ago, after feeling the direction of Oya. I would like to honor these festivals and like to have the PDF of the calendar, but am unsure of how to get it.
my email address is slushpilepress (at)
thank you again
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